Poor Nutrition Before & During Pregnancy Consequences


Poor Nutrition Before & During Pregnancy Consequences


Far too many women have poor intakes of folic acid and fail to meet nutrient intake levels for riboflavin, vitamin A, iodine, potassium, calcium, zinc, magnesium and iron. Consumption of fruit and vegetables is often far below the recommended 5 a day.


The consequences of poor maternal health include: reduced fertility, poor pregnancy outcomes and risk of congenital abnormalities and premature birth as well as low growth rate and birth-weight. But it goes much further than that.


Clinical studies now suggest that there is a link between the health of the mother before and during pregnancy and the likelihood of diseases in the next generation. The chances of suffering from glucose intolerance, hypertension and cardiovascular disease in later life would seem to be linked to nutrition in the womb.


It is important to improve the quality of the diet for women who are pregnant or planning to get pregnant rather than increasing the quantity. During pregnancy, there is very little need for nutritional increase until the third trimester when energy requirements rise.


Most women will only need to raise their energy intake by 200kcal.